|H.E Japhet Isaack in Mongo wa Mono, Yaeda Chini|
On 7th November 2012, The Namibian High Commissioner to Tanzania H.E Japhet Isaack visited Haydom and Yaeda Chini as part of his personal quest to find the roots of his "Ancestors", the visit was organized by 4CCP and here is the History of Hadzabe which was read to H.E Japhet Isaack by Mr. Endeko on behalf of Hadzabe people and 4CCP.
HISTORY OF THE HADZABE PEOPLE MBULU-MANYARA-TANZANIA.
Origin of the Hadzabe.
The origin of the Hadzabe has been proved beyond doubt to be the indigenous people of this land of Tanzania who were previously known as bush manoi. In Tanzania, the Hadzabe language relates with that of the Sandawi people who speak with clicking sound. The origin of the Hadzabe people has been unknown for a long time since everybody has his or her own views and nobody is quite sure about it. However various researches show that Hadzabe are original inhabitants of East Africa. There are approximately 2700 Hadzabe in Tanzania
According to the oral tradition, the Hadzabe are the original inhabitants of East Africa especially Tanzania. At once all Hadzabe were living together at one place. The ancestors have proved to the young generation about this by categorizing the Hadzabe according to their areas as follows;
Sanzatebe’e. These are the Hadzabe of Mang’ola who after division they went to the North. Sanzako is the place of doing their sacrifices. These Hadzabe spread at the low lands and the highlands of Ngorongoro Mountain at the areas of Gorofani, Endamagha, Olopiro and around Lake Eyasi areas.
Siponganebe’e. These are the Hadzabe who live around Endadubu areas and they spread to the Eastside. These places are now having the Hadzabe like Mongo wa Mono, Siponga and all areas surrounding Endadubu hills.
Kh’i’ikanebe’e.These spread to the Westside where nowadays are living at the areas of Sungu in Meatu District, Munguli at Kipamba Village in Iramba District.
Anaunebe’e. This was another group which spread at the Southern parts of Lake Eyasi. This group didn’t last longer at this area because of different pressures from agriculturalists especially the Iraqw people. We have to note that, the Hadzabe people don’t want to mix with other tribes which degragade the environment, hence it was from this scenario the Hadzabe migrated to their fellow.
At the areas mentioned by our ancestors, we are quite sure that the Hadzabe are available from then till now. We believe that the Hadzabe are the origin inhabitants of East Africa while other ethnic groups migrated afterwards.
Division of labor.
To the Hadzabe, the division of labor is gender based. Women have many responsibilities compared to the men. Women are the ones who build the houses, take care of the family, digging up the roots, picking up the fruits, cooking and fetching water while men are the hunters of wild animals and gatherers of the honey.
Hadzabe people mostly live under traditional administration and leadership ever since. They are not represented as community almost at all levels. At the Hadzabe camps, every camp has its leader and this is the respectable person and the elder one.
There are many challenges which this tribe faces.
Education. This is the greatest challenge Hadzabe face. Many Hadzabe are uneducated and this is because of inability to afford for school fees and other school requirements. This causes them to run away from the school especially secondary schools and go back to the bushes. The Hadzabe do not like to mix with other tribes, it is from this scenario which led them to escape from the houses built by the government to the bushes after the Nyisanzu people entered Munguli. Lack of education leads to unemployment and this resulted into lack of representatives from all levels of decision making. There is only one boarding primary school (Yaeda Chini Primary School) where the Hadzabe pupils and other pupils from different tribes join to study.
Health. This is another problem; there is no health service near Hadzabe areas. They have to travel far to Haydom to get treatments something which causes many deaths to them.
Environmental degradation. Destruction of the environment after farmers and livestock keepers invaded the Hadzabe land has lead into sufferings of the Hadzabe since they are depending on it for food, medicine and all basic requirements for their survival. This in turn destructed their culture to some extent since the animals they are using for rituals has gone far. During the dry seasons the Hadzabe face a serious shortage of food after the destruction of their environment.
Water. There is no water at the dry seasons therefore the women travel long distance in search for water; they travel as far as about 45 km to fetch water through hills and valleys.
The Hadzabe are the hunter-gatherers. They depend mostly on environment to get their day to day sustenance from their surroundings example honey, about 30 wild fruits species, wild animals and the roots.
This society is in the danger to perish if there will be no serious attempt to intervene and help them especially to conserve their environment for their sustainable livelihood. Also they have to be provided with education and to enevit them from running from the school. Health and water amenities should also be provided to the Hadzabe communities so as to improve their livelihood.
Prepared by Hadzabe People and read to the Namibian High Commissioner to Tanzania on 7th November 2012